Aleichem Sholem

Activity: writer
Years: 1859 - 1916
Community: jew
A leading Yiddish author and playwright whose life was closely related to Ukraine and especially Lviv. He was born into the family of merchant in Pereiaslav (nowadays it is Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi in Kyiv region). During long period he spent in Lviv. Very often Galicia and Lviv are mentioned in his memories as wide Jewish rights in this area surprised him a lot. There were many different Jewish societies, theatres, 27 synagogues already at the beginning of 20th century. He describes Lviv in two of his stories “Motl, Peysi the Cantor's Son” and “Wandering Stars”. Many times the writer met Ivan Franko who fluently speaked Yiddish and intended to translate Aleichem’s work. A fact of memorial plaque, placed on the corner of Shpytalna and Kotliarska streets, confirms his staying here in Lviv. All letters he received on “14 Shpytalna” and “1 Kotliarska” street address, though it was the same apartment on the first floor, where the author lived 9 months between 1905-06.