Years: 1909 - 1959
A prominent Ukrainian revolutionary politician and one of the leaders of Ukrainian national movement of the 20th century in Western Ukraine (Galicia), who headed the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN). Stepan Bandera and his deputy Yaroslav Stetsko were the authors of the Declaration of Ukrainian Independence on June 30, 1941. On July 5, 1941 Bandera was confined under house arrest and was transferred to the Central Berlin Prison. From early 1942 to August 1944 he stayed in Sachsenhausen concentration camp's special barrack for high profile political prisoners Zellenbau. In September 1944 Bandera was released by the German authorities which hoped that he will incite the native populace to fight the advancing Soviet Red Army. But he refused the offer. Stepan Bandera was killed on October 15, 1959 in Munich by a KGB (Committee for State Security) defector Bohdan Stashynskyi who acted on the orders of Soviet government.
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