Years: 1940 - 2012
She was a Ukrainian poet, writer, activist and Soviet dissident during the 1970s. Kalynets graduated from Lviv University with a degree in philology. She taught courses in Ukrainian literature and language before joining a human rights group called "shistdesyatnyky". Kalynets was the publisher of a banned human rights journal, "Ukrayinskyi Visnyk". She also publicly protested the detention of other dissidents, including Nina Strokata and Valentyn Moroz. Kalynets and two other activists, Nadiya Svitlychna and Stefaniya Shabatura, were arrested for writing on Soviet propaganda. She was sentenced to six years in prison and three years of internal exile within the Soviet Union. Kalynets was able to return to Lviv in 1981 following the completion of her sentence. A proponent of the Ukrainian independence movement, she soon joined Memorial and Rukh, a pair of civil rights organizations. Iryna Kalynets died from a long illness on July 31, 2012, at the age of 72.
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